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Romantic Motives explores a subject matter that has been underemphasized within the historiography of anthropology. monitoring the Romantic lines within the the writings of Rousseau, Herder, Cushing, Sapir, Benedict, Redfield, Mead, Lévi-Strauss, and others, those essays exhibit Romanticism as an enduring and recurrent tendency in the anthropological culture.

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BOON manently in citation marks and prefixed with "so-called" by means of Levi-Strauss (1963b:16). He likened the phantom-category of totemism to Charcot's modern medical version of diagnostic "hysteria": either convert fragmentary bits of proof into whole-types and falsely mark off unified signs from the investigator's universe. Nor used to be Levi-Strauss content material just to right blunders of reifying totemism; relatively he investigated how the "vogue of tension and that of totemism" have been mediated through and contingent upon cultural and ancient stipulations. Burke's and Levi-Strauss's counter-positivist experience of isms holds for cultures as ·well. Any so-called tradition can also be "negatively infused, taking shape antithetically to different such devices, but sarcastically reminiscent of what it opposes" (Boon 1982a:9, 1973). hence, neither cultures nor isms unavoidably cohere doctrinally. Cultures should not issues possessed -like lots estate or maybe intellection - through their "members," as consensualist idea indicates, or via their perpetrators, as conspiracy idea implies. Nor are their "members" beings possessed by way of the creeds in their cultures or isms, as theories of idealist "infusion" assert. The dialectical or apophantic caliber of isms can be masked after they flag a founder-Marxism (! ), Freudianism, Wagnerism-to whose touchstone tenets disciples possibly will be real. (We can thank the label "Structuralism," and Levi-Strauss himself, for aiding stay away from the hero-worshipping pitfalls of "Levi-Straussism. ") within the cross-cultural and historic discourse of disciplines, Romanticism turns out conspicuous for its self-consciousness of "negative infusion," ongoing antithetical play, and caliber of resistance. "Romantic" strikes have resisted political absolutism, epistemological logicalism, Enlightenment universalism, encyclopedic wisdom, criminal and linguistic standardization, rhetorical authoritarianism, and philosophical esprit simpliste (Boon 1982a: ch. 2). in fact, no matter what Romanticism resists, together with the Enlightenment, is as dialectic and contrastively-constituted as Romanticism itself. furthermore, the opposite facet of resistance is collusion, absorption, and, usually, capitulation. Hugh Kenner has phrased Romanticism's paradoxical legacy as follows: The Enlightenment lingers in our highbrow histories as a difficult phenomenon, confusing since it is so tough to assert in brief what it was once. It lacks chronology, it lacks locality, it lacks identification. it really is personified by means of no handy heroes, being via definition antiheroic. Diderot and d'Alembert are really examples than exemplars. It probably rarely knew that it was once occurring, or now not even more than the center a while knew that they have been taking place, and we may well speculate that the Romantic circulate was once the 1st such occasion that did comprehend that ment attributed to Oscar Wilde bearing on his hottest ism: "For Wilde aestheticism was once now not a creed yet an issue" (EHmann 1988:310; see Boon 1972:28). LEVI-STRAUSS, WAGNER, ROMANTICISM 131 it used to be occurring, and that this was once the place the romanticism lay.

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