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Peter. Pecker. Wiener. Dick. Schlong. Penis. no matter what we decide to name it, the penis is greater than only a physique half. This A-to-Z encyclopedia explores the cultural meanings, interpretations, and actions linked to the penis over the centuries and throughout cultures.

Scholars, activists, researchers and clinicians delve into the penis in antiquity, in paintings, in faith, in politics, in media, in song, and within the cultural mind's eye. They learn the penis as an issue, a fetishized commodity, a weapon, an item of play. Penile décor and fashions—from piercings to koteka—are taken care of with equivalent dignity. rationalization of universal scientific phrases and not-so-common subcultural practices upload to the wide scope of the booklet. Taken jointly, the Cultural Encyclopedia of the Penis offers fresh, considerate, and wide-ranging perception into this malleable, significant physique part.

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One of many major grounds for voluntary castration is faith. diversified varieties of faith can function this custom, frequently for males. within the old global, numerous cults of mom goddesses characteristic self-castration, the main well-known being that of Cybele or the Magna Mater (Great Mother), dependent in Asia Minor yet formally imported into Rome in 204 BCE. a side of this cult used to be the lifestyles of the galli, supposedly self-castrating devotees of the mum goddess. it truly is notion that this habit used to be followed in imitation of Attis, the self-castrating human consort of Cybele, or as an indication of the measure of devotion to the goddess. The Hijras of southern Asia are frequently in comparison to the galli, as they too cross-dress, are linked to a mom goddess, and will include self-castration. The perform additionally good points in Christianity. Christ pointed out 3 varieties of eunuchs (Matt 19. 12): those people who are born eunuchs, people who find themselves made eunuchs through others, and people who make themselves eunuchs for the dominion of heaven. a few early Christians (e. g. , Origen) took this as an injunction to castrate themselves as a kind of sexual renunciation. whereas such an perspective declined within the West, it persevered within the Byzantine Empire, and resurfaced in sleek Russia with the arrival of the Skoptsy (although this group additionally featured ladies who mutilated themselves). Sexual purity could be the purpose of the perform in spiritual contexts, and it is a cause of different males to wish to include self-castration this present day. Contrastingly, others are interested in the perform for sexual thrills. In North the US, there exist males who self-identify as modern day eunuchs, and DIY castration web content exist. therefore, castration has been a side of human lifestyles for millennia for quite a few purposes, and it is still a effective thought within the human psyche. See additionally Bible; Castrato; sickness; Eunuchs; Origenes; faith; Testicles additional interpreting Engelstein, Laura. Castration and the Heavenly state. A Russian Folktale. Ithaca, manhattan: Cornell college Press, 1999. Favazza, Armando. our bodies less than Siege: Self-Mutilation, Nonsuicidal Self-Injury and physique amendment in tradition and Psychiatry. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins college Press, 2011. curler, Lynn E. looking for God the mummy: The Cult of Anatolian Cybele. Berkeley: collage of California Press, 1999. harder, Shaun. The Eunuch in Byzantine background and Society. London: Routledge, 2008. Tracy, Larissa, ed. Castration and tradition within the center a while. Cambridge: Boydell & Brewer, 2013. ■SHAUN harder CASTRATO on the finish of the 16th century, in the course of the nice inventive impulse of the catholic Counter-Reformation, the Roman Church felt the necessity for brand new voices, extra strong and agile than these of younger boys or falsetto singers (similar to our glossy counter-tenors), to sing sacred song. simply because ladies have been completely forbidden to wait public ceremonies, castration turned a good way to sing God’s compliment with the entire benefits of a feminine voice in a man’s physique.

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